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Epidemiology of Burns in Infants: A Four-Year Retrospective Study
Journal of Korean Burn Society 2019;22(2):49-52
Published online December 1, 2019
© 2019 Journal of Korean Burn Society.

Ha Hyun Yu, M.D. and Youngwoong Choi, M.D., Ph.D.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Youngwoong Choi, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 1342 Dongil-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01757, Korea
Tel: 82-2-950-1048, Fax: 82-2-932-6373
Received July 29, 2019; Revised August 14, 2019; Accepted August 27, 2019.
Purpose: Little information has been published regarding minor burn injuries in infants, most of which are preventable. To fill this research gap, this study explored the patterns and mechanisms of burn injuries in infants to ascertain whether such incidents can be prevented.
Methods: This was a retrospective study, based on data collected prospectively from all infants (<12 months old) admitted to our hospital with burns in the four-year period between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2018. A medical record review provided basic demographic information, such as age at the time of injury, sex, cause of injury, duration of treatment, operative treatment, and the extent and type of burn, as well as the anatomical region involved.
Results: Fifty-seven infants were diagnosed with burn injuries, with scalding being the most common type (47%), followed by contact (32%) and steam (14%). Seven infants of eight steam burn patients injured by pressure cooker. Superficial second degree was the most common depth of injury (72%) followed by first degree (17%) and deep second degree (8%). Average age per injury type was calculated by independent T-test. Average ages of patients with contact and steam burns were significantly lower (7.06 months; P=0.19) and higher (9.25 months; P=0.005), respectively, than for other burn types.
Conclusion: Given that infants cannot control their body movements, talk, or manage by themselves, they are entirely dependent on the proper care of adults. Consequently, in addition to the prevention of burns, special care should be taken for the pressure cooker.
Keywords : Burns, Infant, Accidents, Pediatrics, Injuries

December 2019, 22 (2)
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